VPIP Poker: What You Need To Know

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Written by: Matt E.

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VPIP means Voluntarily Put Money In Pot. VPIP is an indicator that evaluates how often you add money into the pot before the flop and it is a vital measure of how loose or tight a certain poker player is. Being aware of this statistic can assist you in making superior decisions at the table and may also be used to determine your opponents' playing styles. 

You compute VPIP by dividing how many times a player puts money into the pot from the total number of hands they were dealt with. For example, if a person wagers money on 20 out 100 hands that they were given, their VPIP would be 20%. To note: this does not consider any post-flop activity; it just concentrates on pre-flop action. 

In this blog, we'll take an in-depth look at what VPIP means in poker, and why it's significant. 

Definition of VPIP Poker

VPIP can be used to gauge how aggressive or passive a player is as it reflects the percentage of hands they enter the pot with before any other action has taken place.

A high VPIP implies that someone is playing more often, indicating they are likely to be loose. It does not encompass blinds or antes, as those are compulsory bets required by everyone at the table before gameplay commences. Additionally, post-flop plays like calling raises or betting out of turn do not count towards this figure since these involve no voluntary money pre-flop. 

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This is why you can either be a loose-passive player or a loose-aggressive player when you have a high VPIP because it doesn’t take into account raising vs. calling. 

The VPIP metric can offer beneficial insights into your opponents' behavior and as long as you have enough of a sample size of hands, it provides an excellent basis for making strategic decisions such as what kind of moves should be made.

Explaining VPIP in Poker

VPIP Poker provides insight into how tight or loose your opponents are playing pre-flop and helps you adjust your strategy accordingly. There is no definitive VPIP number that works for everyone; it depends on what kind of approach you want to take at the table – generally, those who play tight games have lower percentages while looser players have higher ones. 

Differentiating VPIP from Other Poker Stats

When playing poker, VPIP (Voluntarily Put Money In Pot) is an essential stat to keep in mind. It's different from other stats because it shows how often a player puts money into the pot without seeing any cards first. This can tell you about their approach to raising and calling preflop as well as what kind of hands they are likely playing with. 

It is important to compare VPIP with two other key metrics: PFR (pre flop raise percentage) and Aggression Factor (AF). The former measures how frequently a person raises before the flop, while AF indicates the ratio between bets made and calls when playing on each street compared to all streets combined (including preflop). 

Examining these three stats together gives us insight into our competitors' gameplay, enabling us to make more informed decisions against them both pre-and post-flop during our session. 

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This is what most Poker HUD (Heads Up Display) tools will use when playing online. Tools like Poker Tracker 4 or Hold Em Manager have them built-into their poker software. 

Remember that higher or lower VPIP percentages aren't always beneficial; it depends on your opponents' play style in comparison with yours which determines if those numbers work for your own game plan going forward in the match up against them. 

For instance, if someone has a high PFR but low AF along with their high/low VPiP this could suggest they are either overly aggressive prior to the flops but quite passive after them; or conversely tight prior and very forceful afterwards – whatever it may be this data helps us come up with better tactics for later rounds so take note. 

Identifying Player Categories based on VPIP

Being aware of VPIP, or “Voluntarily Put $ In Pot” and PFR and Aggression Frequency as a combined statistical analysis can help you breakdown players into four distinct categories that players fall into: Tight Aggressive (TAG), Loose Aggressive (LAG) and Loose-Passive and Tight-Passive – each with its own range of opening hands. 

TAGs only enter pots with stronger starting cards like broadway cards and high suited cards along with pocket pairs based on their position; 

LAGs have a looser range but still take more risks than TAGs; Passive players have an even wider range yet will fold post-flop at a higher clip. 

Knowing these different types based on their VPIP will help you make better decisions when it comes time to act during your games. Utilizing this knowledge of opponent's tendencies effectively can lead you towards greater success at the tables. 

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How to Use VPIP to Your Advantage in Poker

It's not only used as a way to evaluate how often someone plays, but it can also be used as an advantage when playing against others in the game. With knowledge about VPIP you can get an understanding for how active or passive your opponents are likely to be during play. 

Understanding and deploying VPIP within your poker game gives you leverage over other players who don't comprehend this concept well. 

A higher rate suggests that someone will more likely enter pots with weaker holdings than those with lower rates; while if somebody has a low rate then they have less probability of entering pots and are more liable to fold their weak holdings before the flop rather than afterwards..

Possessing such information provides insight into what kinds of cards your adversaries are playing so that you can make wiser decisions at each street accordingly. 

VPIP isn't solely useful for obtaining details concerning your competitors; it's also beneficial for enhancing your own gaming too. 

If you find yourself having difficulty entering pots or folding weak holdings frequently then increasing your VPIP could help develop these sections and permit you become more successful overall in poker. 

Tips for Improving Your Own VPIP Strategy

Playing positionally is incredibly important for improving your own VPIP and keeping it at a reasonable number. Remember other players online are likely using HUDs if the site permits, and this can play into their decisions that they make against you pre-flop or even post-flop for that matter because you might enter more pots on average meaning you likely have weaker holdings more often. 


To sum up, VPIP is a key concept for any poker enthusiast who takes the game seriously. It allows one to assess opponents' preflop behavior quickly and make decisions accordingly. Thus, being aware of VPIP can be a decisive factor when it comes to achieving success in poker.

Written by

Matt E.

I've been immersed in the world of poker since 2003. Poker is hard. It has undoubtedly been a roller coaster of experiences for me over the years. My poker journey spans from playing at .01/.02 NL tables to engaging in intense sessions at $5/$10. Poker isn't just a game to me—it's a passion. Outmaneuvering opponents in this test of mental strength and strategy offers an unparalleled thrill. To deepen my understanding of the game and to assist others, I initiated this blog. It aims to elucidate the ever-evolving technologies, strategies, and legal landscapes of poker, especially in the online realm. We're now in the age of solvers, but both online and live poker continue to thrive. A quick visit to a local $1/3 game would be ample evidence of its vitality. Regardless of your proficiency level, from novice to expert, I hope my blog posts offer you valuable insights. Feel free to engage with me through messages or by commenting on my posts. Cheers!

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